kota stone

cotta stone

Cotta Stone

It is a fine-grained variety of limestone, quarried at Kota district,Rajasthan, India.
Sand Stone is a hard and natural stone which mainly available in bhilwara district of Rajasthan.

Sizes of cotta stone

In Feet (1’x1′), (1¼’x1¼’), (2’x1′), (1½’x1½’), (2’x1½’), (2’x2′), (2½’x2′), (3’x2′), (3½’x2′), (2½’x2′), (4’x2′), (4½’x2′), (5’x2′)

kota stone 2 2

Thickness of cotta stone

(1.) 10mm to 80mm with a tolerance of +- 5mm [for Both sides natural]

(2.) 10mm to 40mm with a tolerance of +- 3mm [for One side natural and one side polished; One side natural and one side calibrated; One side polished and one side calibrated]
For more detail and inquiry call on:-
Mukesh meena: +9829738228
Mail ID: shekharstone@gmail.com
kota stone 2x1.5

Cotta stone

Variation of cotta stone  in shade is it`s inherent property. It adds liveliness to the interiors and has been used in various prestigious projects across Globe.Shekhar Stone associates -Manufacturer & Exporter of Indian Kota Stones. We provide finishes like Hand Cut & Machine Cut, Honed, Polished, Brushed, Tumbled, Calibrated, natural Cleft both Side of kota stone.

All type of cotta stone

we are pioneer of all type of Cotta stone.Shekhar Stone Associates is a well-known name in the Indian cotta Stone Industry based in Rajasthan. The array offered by us pass through stringent quality control tests to ensure the clients are provided with the Kota,which are 100% pure.The clients can avail the range from us at the most competitive prices with superior packaging and after-sales services.

Cotta stone flooring

Kota stone

Employing local building materials is an essential parameter in green buildings. However, the concept of “local” has frequently been contested. Does cement become local if it is readily available in the area where it is needed? What if a product made in-town costs more than one made elsewhere? Using Kota stone as an example is a nice one. Everyone wants their floors to seem elegant, but they don’t want to spend much money doing it. Because of this, Kota stone flooring provides the best solution. 

Things we covered for you

+ Kota Stone: What is it?

+ Advantages of Kota Stone Flooring

+ Disadvantages of Kota Stone Flooring

+ Where Can Kota Stone Be Used?

+ Specifications to Make the Natural Stone Ready to Be Installed

+ Installation of Kota Stone: Horizontal and vertical surfaces.

+ Differences Between Marble and Kota Stone

+ What Distinguishes Kota Stone from Granite?

+ Price Of Kota Stone

+ Kota Stone Flooring Design Inspiration

+ FAQ’s

Natural limestone and a wide range of circumstances make Kota stone a better alternative for flooring than other local options, even though it travels all over India from Rajasthan. Although the Kota stone flooring pattern was previously overlooked in favour of more traditional materials like Marble and Granite, this is changing as more people become aware of the advantages of this type of flooring

Kota Stone: What is it?

The Kota area of Rajasthan is where the Kota stone was first discovered, thus its name. This sedimentary rock is hard, compact, and uniform in cross-section because it is made of fine-grained limestone. Kota has a rough, leathery feel in its natural condition, which looks stunning when sealed. However, the majority of individuals like giving one side a mirror finish.

The Kota stone is a type of fine-grained limestone with a chemical composition comprising calcium carbonate (38% to 40%), magnesium oxide (4% to 5%), and silica (24% to 25%). Since it is a sedimentary rock, it is hard and compact with a homogenous cross-section.

It naturally has a leathery texture that somewhat resembles raw grey granite or slate. Of course, it needs to be sealed to preserve such appearance. For those who prefer a polished look, Kota stone flooring is also available in a mirror surface finish that is brilliant and attractive.

Apart from its natural, earthy colour, Kota stone is also popular for its durability, lustre, porosity, homogeneity, and cheapness. It is a highly versatile stone due to these properties that offer a range of unique advantages, which we will be discussing in the subsequent sections. With its property and versatility in mind, some of the typical applications of Kota stone design in rooms and around the house include:

  • Kitchen platforms
  • Corridor and lobby areas
  • Pathways and staircases
  • Bathroom
  • Terrace and balconies
  • Garden area and driveways

Kota stones age nicely and can withstand the damaging effects of time better than most other stones. This stone is used extensively in the building and construction industry and is available in various forms and sizes to meet all purposes. Except for the distinctive specks of Granite, Kota stone is available in a greenish, greyish shade that resembles slate or grey granite. Some other standard shades of Kota stone are brown, pink, beige, black, and grey floors are gaining popularity.

Advantages of Kota Stone Flooring

Durability: Since it is non-porous and temperature-resistant, Kota stone flooring is the most long-lasting alternative available. Temperature resistance makes these kinds of floors ideal for outdoor use, which adds an enticing appeal to your property.

Wide Range: It’s available in various forms, colours and finishes, so there’s something for everyone who wants to install Kota stone flooring. The stones are available in multiple natural hues of greenish-blue and brownish texture when it comes to colour. If you’re looking for anything smaller than 60/90 cm, you’ll find that the slabs of Kota stone are available in 30x30cm and 60/90cm, respectively.

Cost-effective: Although Kota stone flooring has a wide variety of qualities, it is more cost-effective than most other stone flooring options. The cost-effectiveness of Kota stone flooring is another reason for its international appeal and universal acceptance.

Good Friction: There are many reasons why Kota stone flooring is so appealing. Non-slippery and non-porous are two of these characteristics. They are ideal for humid indoor and indoor environments since they do not collect water or moisture. The non-slip nature of these tiles makes them suitable for bathrooms and kitchens, balconies and walkways, or any other area where a lot of wetness and foot activity is likely to present. In addition to being simple to maintain, they provide a stable base for your feet.

Luxurious: When used in a home or office, Kota stone flooring adds a touch of luxury. Buildings are typically eye-catching because of the varied colour variations of Kota stone flooring.

Easy To Maintain: The ease with which you can clean Kota stone floors is unsurpassed. Because this stone flooring is so long-lasting, you don’t need to push yourself to keep it in good condition.

Cool Underfoot: Kota stone flooring is heat resistant, making it perfect for use in Pathways (corridors), Corridors (Driveways), Balconies etc.

The use of Kota stone designs in rooms can yield the following advantages:

  • The permutations and combinations that you can run for Kota stone flooring are virtually infinite if you tweak the variables like colour, shape, size, etc. Moreover, since they are all complimentary and characteristically homogeneous, you can pull off several multi-pattern Kota stone floor designs with the same material!
  • Kota stone flooring is non-porous and thermal neutral. These properties impart high durability to the flooring, making it viable for a good number of years – even in outdoor applications! Rest assured, the overall look and appeal of Kota stone floor designs will not diminish even when subject to harsh weather conditions like rain, sun, or humidity.
  • In addition to its temperature resistance and non-porous nature, the fact that Kota stone floorings are non-slippery make them the perfect candidate for outdoor use in your terrace, balconies, and gardens. At the same time, you can also use Kota stone designs in bathrooms and kitchens where water or moisture paired with high foot traffic can pose a slipping hazard.
  • Another massive and understated advantage of Kota stone flooring is that they are supremely cost-effective. Its affordability and inertness are two of the main drivers of why it is widely used in commercial applications.
  • Even though Kota stone floor designs are pocket-friendly, they do not look the part. They carry with them an air of luxury that puts them on par with other aesthetic natural stones like granite and slate. At the same time, they offer immense colour diversity as well, which ups their visual appeal.
  • While the durability of Kota stone flooring is impressive by itself, the fact that it requires little to no maintenance is yet another compelling reason to choose this stone flooring option. 
  • Even if the Kota stone flooring were to age, they do so gracefully, which offers long-term value – and when it comes pegged with durability and low maintenance, it is nothing short of heaven-sent!


Disadvantages of Kota Stone Flooring

Like Marble or Granite, it is not commonly available in large slab sizes and doesn’t have the same shiny surface polish. Kota is a highly delicate limestone that is only offered in modest quantities. Kota is readily discoloured and neither acid nor alkali resistant for a more extended period. Flaking might occur if Kota stone flooring has heavy traffic; however, flaking of the stone may be avoided if it is constantly polished and kept in good condition. You must also avoid dragging heavy furniture on Kota stone flooring. 

While stone flooring in Kota stone design is attractive and practical for various reasons, it does have its fair share of limitations, which are summarised below:

  • Although raw Kota stone has a leathery appearance similar to granite when it is polished, the two stones look nothing alike. It is so because polished Kota stone lacks the lustre or hard shine of natural stones.
  • As Kota stone is a variant of limestone, it may react with harsh or acidic cleaners and lose colour or integrity. One has to be particularly careful while using Kota stone as kitchen platforms, as items like oil or lime can also damage its appearance.
  • Even though Kota stone tiles are available in a variety of small and big sizes, they are not available in large slabs. It is because Kota stone is particularly fragile and can crack or break when used as such.
  • Despite minimal maintenance requirements, Kota stone flooring may be prone to flaking or chipping if they are left untreated for very long. However, regular polishing and weather sealing can prevent this.
  • Kota stone flooring has an average thickness of 1.5 inches, which makes it rather thick and unsuitable for use with thinner tiles.
  • If you are choosing Kota stone floor designs for their rustic charm and natural colours, then you will be impressed by their colour inconsistency. However, if you want a uniform appearance, then you will be disappointed.


Where Can Kota Stone Be Used?

Kota stone is a preferred alternative for interior and exterior usage in homes and workplaces. It is used in countertops, wall cladding, flooring, and countertops.

Kota stone is utilised for the backsplash and the countertop in this stunning kitchen. Because the sizes of the stones are smaller, it takes a great deal of skill to place the stones with smooth seams.

Keep in mind that Kota is often not recommended in Indian kitchens since it is prone to surface discolouration and pitting.

Specifications to Make the Natural Stone Ready to Be Installed

1. Raw Rock Slabs

The slab must be good quality, firm, solid, uniform, and free from fractures, rot, or other damage. The desired thickness might be cut by either hand or machine. Before being installed on-site, the exposed face of the slab has to be polished, and the contractor must also obtain the slab sample certified by the relevant Engineer.

2. Slab Dressing

Each slab must be cut to the precise size and form needed, and the sides must be chiselled to a straight edge. Before paving, the edges must be either machine or table scraped with coarse sand.

Every effort should be made to ensure that all angles and edges are accurate, square, and chip-free. For thickness, a tolerance of 2mm is allowed. For hand-cut and machine cut, respectively, a tolerance of 5mm and 2 mm in terms of the length and width of the slab is permitted.

3. Getting the Surface Ready

The surface, typically concrete, should be cleaned, wetted, and mopped before the slabs are set. The slab’s bedding mortar must have a certain thickness.

4. Stone-laying in Kota

Each slab’s area is prepped, and the appropriate mix of mortar—typically 1:4 cement to coarse sand—is put there for the prescribed thickness (usually 20mm).

To get the cleaned slab to the same level as the next slab, it is placed on top, pounded, and tapped with a wooden mallet. After that, the slab is raised and set aside. By fillingup the hollows with new mortar and letting it sit, the top surface of the mortar is uniformised.

5. Finishing, Curing, and Polishing

For a minimum of seven days, the slab must continue to be dried by soaking the surface. The surface will be uniformly ground using a machine equipped with fine-grade grit blocks. The surface should be thoroughly cleaned and washed to prepare it for the final grinding. The day after the first grinding, the final grinding is carried out using a machine equipped with the highest quality grit blocks.

For tiny sections after laying, hand polishing may be used instead of machine polishing. When hand polishing, medium- and fine-grade carborundum stones must be used for the first and final polishing.

Oxalic acid sprinkled with water and applied at a rate of 33 mg per square metre using a pad of wool rags, also known as namdah block, is then vigorously rubbed into the polished surface.

6. Rules of Approval 

There should be no loose stones on the completed surface. The sound of a wooden mallet striking the surface should not be hollow. The joints should not be too large or too narrow and should run parallel to the adjacent walls.

Installation of Kota Stone: Horizontal and vertical surfaces. 

Kota stone can be installed anywhere other than the kitchen, either by itself or combined with Marble, Jaisalmer yellow, or other materials that stand out from the surrounding environment. Another application is as an outside wall covering. In the image above, black Kota stone flooring on stairs gives a nice touch to the exterior.

A) Horizontal surface:

• Over the levelling course, apply a 20–25 mm thick foundation of cement mortar in the following proportions: 1:3 (1 part cement to 3 parts coarse sand); waterproofing compound in the specified ratio.

• Spread Rough Kota Stone 20–25 mm thick over the cement mortar.

• A waterproofing compound should be incorporated into the cement slurry used to grout joints.

• Over the Kota Stone surface, apply a second layer of 20–25 mm thick cement mortar that is 1:3 (1 part cement to 3 parts coarse sand) combined with waterproofing compound in the necessary proportion.

• Finishing top with 10 to 12 mm-thick stone aggregate. The nominal size spreading is deeply embedded in the second layer of cement mortar at a density of 8 cudm/sq m.

B) Vertical surface:

• Providing and placing Rough Kota Stone by fastening 20–25 mm to the vertical surface. Kota Stone with a mortar of cement and coarse sand in the proportion of 1:3, along with the appropriate amount of waterproofing compound.

• There should be a 20–25 mm space between the Kota Stone and the receiving surface before the cement slurry is applied.

• Filling the gap with a mixture of waterproofing compound and cement slurry (the process for manufacturing cement slurry is described above).

• A waterproofing compound should be incorporated into the cement slurry used to grout joints.

• Applying cement mortar (1 part cement to 3 parts coarse sand) to the outside of Kota Stone in the prescribed amounts, together with a waterproofing compound.

Differences Between Marble and Kota Stone

Marble and Kota are both natural stones, but that’s about where the similarities stop. Here’s a breakdown of the two natural stone types:

• Marble is a hard stone, while Kota is softer and more prone to flaking on the surface. 

• The limestone in Kota stone makes it porous, unlike Marble, which is non-porous.

• Marble that has been polished resists acid tainting. Kota stone is prone to discoloration and staining.

• Kota, one of the least costly natural stones available, is far less expensive than Marble.

• Polished Marble is inappropriate for use on kitchen floors and decks because it is slippery when wet and does not readily show wetness. The Kota stone is not slick.

• Kota’s final surface lacks the sheen and firm lustre of Marble.

What Distinguishes Kota Stone from Granite? 

Granite and Kota are natural stones, but that’s about where the similarities end. The following are the differences between the two stones: 

  • When it comes to hardness and surface flaking, Granite outranks Kota. 
  • In contrast to Granite, which is non-porous, Kota stone is made of limestone, which is porous. 
  • Acids do not affect the colour of polished Granite. Kota stone can get discoloured and stained. 
  • If you’re looking for a low-cost natural stone, consider Kota, as it’s far more affordable than Granite. 
  • Since polished Granite is slippery and challenging to see when wet, it should not be used in kitchens or as a deck surface. Slippery Kota stone is not present. 
  • Granite’s hard sheen and lustre are missing from Kota’s final surface.


Price Of Kota Stone 

Kota stone tiles with a thickness of 20 to 30 millimetres can be purchased for a price that ranges from 15 to 30 rupees per square foot. This natural stone is one of the most inexpensive options available. The better varieties of brown Kota stone can cost up to Rs. 100 per square foot. Mirror polishing, honing, and sealing the tiles will incur additional costs, so be prepared for those.

instead of adding extra features to the house, a minimalist style approach has been taken, and the emphasis has been given to the nature of the materials utilised to finish the interiors, which contribute to the overall mood. However, the Kota stone and wood floor employed in various textures throughout the house stood out. 

Linear strips of leather-finished and mirror-polished grey Kota stone can be seen in high-traffic areas such as corridors, herringbone patterns in the spacious living room, and large squares in the informal one. The stone floors in the bedrooms have wood inlays, although the polished stone floors in the kitchen are the norm.

Four additional outdoor seating places, apart from a gym, can be found in the expansive outdoor area of the property. Similar materials to those found inside were used to adorn these. There was a wooden stripe on the jacuzzi deck, while Kota stone was used on both the verandah and the terrace outside the master bedroom. The seating area near the courtyard is decorated with brown Kota stone.

Another Vadodara property boasts a geometric pattern of Kota and white marble flooring in the entrance. A cement-coloured textured paint was used to finish the massive wall to match Kota’s colour scheme.

A giant glass window on the west side of a big double-height living room looks out onto the greenery beyond. Grey Kota flooring and white walls provide a neutral backdrop for soft pink furniture.

Now that you have a clear idea about the various types of Kota stone flooring, you can clearly know how and where to use this type of flooring. It can be used almost on any kind of surface except in kitchens. In case you are confused, try NoBroker Interiors. Our designers will help guide you through the correct design options that suit your budget and preferences. We are always happy to help!


Q-1 When it comes to roofing, does Kota stone work well?

A-1 A notable example is the Kota stone. Even though this excellent flooring material is imported from Rajasthan, it is more environmentally friendly than other local choices since it is natural limestone and can withstand many circumstances.

Q-2 Granite or Kota stone—which is superior?

A-2 Unlike Granite, which is non-porous, limestone-based Kota stone is porous. Acids do not affect the colour of polished Granite. Kota stone can get stained or discoloured. One of the cheapest natural stones, Kota, is significantly more costly than Granite, which is one of the most expensive.

Q-3 Is Kota stone impermeable to water?

A-3 Customers choose Kota Stone because of its unique qualities. This is a particular use of the Kota Stone waterproofing method. Mechanical strength and waterproofing are both enhanced by this.

Q-4 Is Kota stone suitable for the kitchen?

A-4 For kitchen counters provides a substantial and sturdy foundation. The Kota stone foundation is often used as a basis for granite or marble slab countertops. It’s the least expensive, most readily accessible, and most long-lasting natural stone that’s now on the market. It is an intense heat conductor, giving it a pleasant surface to walk on.

Q-5 When cleaning Kota stone, what methods do you use?

A-5 Floors made of stone, such as Kota, Jaisalmer, or Cuddapah, may be cleaned daily with a few drops of mild liquid dishwashing soap combined with warm water, making them highly durable and simple to keep. The stone’s surface will get dull if you use cleaning solutions that include acidic ingredients like lemon or vinegar.

Originating in the Kota and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan, the Kota stone enjoys immense popularity as a natural stone construction material. You may have seen Kota stone floor design primarily in public buildings such as offices, schools, hospitals, and railway stations, to name a few. However, a little-known fact is that Kota stone floor designs also look stunning when used in or around the home!

Surprised? We go into the depths of everything you need to know about Kota stone – the good and the bad – along with a few Kota stone designs in rooms and outdoors. So, let’s get started!

Trendy Kota Stone Floor Designs for the Modern Home

Now that you may be itching to experiment with Kota stone design in your rooms and areas around the home, here are a few Kota stone floor design ideas that can get you started:

Black and White Checkered Kota Stone Design

Let’s kick off this list of Kota stone floor designs with a classic black and white patterned Kota stone floor design. This design is reminiscent of the typical 70s diner, and for a good reason, too – they are easier to clean and hence help maintain hygiene.

The black Kota stone flooring designs contrast vividly with the alternating white ceramic tiles to give a checkered effect. You can also try a similar Kota stone floor design in different colours, like different shades of brown or blue and black. While this design has been used in the kitchen, you can also try it out in the lobby, foyer, or driveway of your home.

Greyscale Gradient Kota Stone Flooring

While the previous Kota stone floor design was all about contrast, this one is more about closely related shades. Since we have already mentioned how Kota stone is available in different hues of grey and black, you can borrow Kota stone flooring designs that pair gradients of black and grey to make the Kota stone flooring look chic and aesthetic.

It suits a minimalistic setting by restricting the number of colours used. If you were to feel creatively stunted by the monochromatic shades, you could easily experiment with different shapes of tiles – think honeycomb or interlocking kinds – to make the design even more interesting.

Framed Kota Stone Flooring

This Kota stone floor design is one of the commonest features in waiting room and living room designs. Its timeless nature is a testament to how beauty lies in simplicity. It makes use of Kota stone in a mirror finish and cuts the monotonous grey with a strip of brilliant white in marble.

The marble strip forms a frame along the edges of the space and offers a prim and proper look. It cuts down the cost of the flooring while also giving it a luxurious effect. However, if you wish to skip the marble entirely, you can pair the grey Kota stone with black or green stripes.

Kota Stone with Contrast Grouting

Here’s yet another black Kota stone flooring design that requires minimal effort yet looks captivatingly gorgeous. And you don’t even need special materials to pull off this look. Such Kota stone floor design makes use of white grouting against black Kota stone so that the contrast of black and white makes the tiles pop out.

The black-and-white inspiration is simply illustrative, and you can play around with different combinations. If you are more into aesthetics, you can even try epoxy grouting by mixing it with attractive colours.

Mosaic Kota Stone Flooring

As the name suggests, the Mosaic Kota Stone floor design sports differently coloured Kota stone tiles placed next to each other to get a mosaic effect. Feel free to go absolutely crazy with the colours – from rust red to charcoal grey to bottle green to powder blue and everything in between – play around with them to find what works for you!

You can even try this design using Kota stone tiles in different or random shapes to get the “pieced together” appearance that makes the flooring look whimsical and artsy.

Kota Stone Pathways

While the previous Kota stone designs are to be used in rooms, this one is more suited for outdoor applications, such as your garden or backyard, which people often frequent. Place the Kota stone tiles at some distance and plant lawn grass around it.

You can even use artificial grass for areas like the terrace or balcony. Apart from grass, you can even sprinkle gravel or sand around the tiles to get a beautiful abstract look. While you nail the looks of it, the non-slippery, non-porous, and heat-resistant qualities of Kota stone will offer a pleasantly cold underfoot.

Kota Stone Tumbled Tile Floor Design

This is yet another Kota stone floor design that would look excellent for outdoor use. It makes use of Kota stone bricks that are inlaid in fine-grained mortar. The pattern of the Kota stone floor design is great for forming pathways that weave through your estate or your garden.

Such a design gives a pleasant old-timey feel that looks like the cobbled streets of Europe! So, if you are looking for natural, weathered, and vintage flooring, even in new installations, then this Kota stone floor design is what you need.

In Conclusion

With this, we come to the end of everything you need to know about Kota stone design in rooms and outdoors. Now that you understand the pros and cons of Kota stone flooring, you are in a better position to make an informed decision on whether or not it is the right choice for you. At the same time, the Kota stone floor designs may have left you feeling inspired to make the best of such a versatile natural stone.

Stay tuned to the HomeLane blog for more tips and tricks on making your house a home. For personalised advice, schedule a free consultation with our experts.


Is Kota Stone Good for Flooring?

Kota stone is ideal for flooring as it is durable, can withstand high traffic, and is thermally insulated. Hence, you can use it as flooring inside and outside your home.

Which Stone Flooring Is Best?

Some of the best stone flooring for Indian households include:

  • Marble
  • Granite
  • Limestone (including Kota stone flooring)
  • Slate
  • Sandstone
  • Travertine

What Is Kota Stone Flooring?

Kota stone flooring is flooring made using Kota stone tiles.

Is Kota Stone Waterproof?

Yes, since Kota stone is non-porous, it is waterproof.

What Is the Thickness of Kota Stone?

Typically, the thickness of Kota stone ranges from 1 to 1.5 inches. However, you can even get 2 inches thick Kota stone for a higher price.

What Are the Different Colours Available for Kota Stone?

Kota stones are available in a variety of colours. Some of the common ones include:

  • Natural blue
  • Light and dark brown
  • Grey
  • Beige
  • Black
  • Green
  • Honey
  • Pink

You may even find Kota stone flooring in mixed colours like blue-grey, green-grey, and other combinations.

What Is the Cost of Kota Stone Flooring?

The cost of Kota stone flooring depends on several factors like the thickness of the stone, type of surface finishing, the colour of the stone, size, etc. The price may also vary depending on where you source the Kota tiles from and the volume of your order. Typically, the cost of Kota stone ranges from Rs. 16/- to Rs. 50/- per square foot.

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